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How Biblical Fellowship Can Restore the Church – Part 1

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The modern Church is in crisis. We do not lack the power, presence or purpose of God. However, we do lack the unified fellowship to fully utilize His power, experience His presence, and accomplish His purpose. The unity of thought, spirit, practice and faith that was so evident in the New Testament Church is severely lacking in the modern Church and the effects are devastating.

In the modern Church there is a crisis regarding our understanding of, and most notably our application of, the doctrine of New Testament fellowship.

The Church in Crisis

This crisis of fellowship is the result of a myriad number of causes, not the least of which are the Western notions of rugged individualism, isolationism and compartmentalization.[ref]Brian Anderson, The Traditional Church vs. the NT Church, n.p. 1999. Online: [September, 2003].[/ref] Although there is a superficial emphasis placed upon fellowship by many in the Church today, for the most part it is simply lip service being paid to an ancient notion of mutuality. To be sure, this crisis has aroused the attention and concern of a number of scholars, pastors, and Church leaders throughout the United States and the world. Let us listen to a few of their voices.

Today, however, the word [fellowship] has lost most of its biblical meaning. ‘Fellowship’ now usually refers to casual conversation, socializing, food, and fun. The question ‘Where do you fellowship?’ means ‘Where do you attend church?’ ‘Stay after for fellowship’ usually means ‘Wait for refreshments’…Authentic fellowship is not superficial, surface-level chit-chat.”[ref]Rick Warren, The Purpose Driven Life (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2002), 138-139.[/ref]

For this reason we must quit thinking of Christian fellowship as primarily doing things such as having pot luck dinners or watching football or playing basketball with other believers. These have their place but they are only fellowship to the extent that rest, exercise, and eating are doing the work of the Lord. Fellowship involves actively doing God’s will. The things we usually think of as fellowship are certainly not the primary meaning of the word!”[ref]Bob Gilliam, The Importance of Fellowship in a New Testament Church, n.p., 1996. Online: [September, 2003].[/ref]

Fellowship as a Way of Life

A crisis indeed! The Church today is in serious need of understanding and discipline regarding the doctrine and understanding of New Testament fellowship.

Perhaps no one states the importance of genuine fellowship more powerfully than Vivian H. Green, [ref]DD FRHistS, former Fellow and Rector of Lincoln College, Oxford[/ref] who wrote the following closing to his 400 page work, A New History of Christianity. At this point in the book Green has come to the end of some 1,950 years of Church history. He traced Christianity from a small band of disciples in Jerusalem through history as it became the world’s predominant religion. Green closes his book with these statements:

However, perhaps we should now draw breath and remind ourselves that Christianity has survived because first and foremost from the very beginning it has been a society, a brotherhood, a koinonia, sustained by a vision of holiness and love, and by a deep faith in the purpose and providence of God. It was less historically important that Christianity should have been a system of belief than that it was a way of life…Christianity represented both a culture and an existence…Whether Christianity has its roots in a supernatural world or is simply a manifestation of the highest form of the human spirit, it is likely to survive until man destroys creation or the world crumbles into dust.”[ref]Vivian Green, A New History of Christianity (Phoenix Mill, UK: Sutton, 1998), 402.[/ref]

Green acknowledges what many have found true: Christianity is not just a religion, a set of practices, or an institution. Christianity is a way of life, and what is more, it is a way of shared life.

Christianity is more than a way of life. It's a way of shared life. - Israel Steinmetz Share on X

Recovering the Lost Art of Fellowship

The modern American Church is in crisis. She does not suffer from lack of education, or resources, or talent, or time. She lacks a unity of spirit, a unity of doctrine, a unity of faith and a unity of practice. Compared with the New Testament doctrine and model of fellowship the modern Church is little more than a phantom. It makes a show of fellowship without the substance.

Against this bleak, discouraging backdrop the Church is confronted with a solution that is as simple as it is profound. If you want biblical results, you must apply biblical principles.

If you want biblical results, you must apply biblical principles. - Israel Steinmetz Share on X

This series will examine the doctrine of New Testament fellowship and the implications it presents for the Church today. Part two will outline the particulars of fellowship as it was practiced by New Testament believers. Part three will explore the principles that may be derived from the examples of New Testament fellowship. Finally, Part four will propose how these principles can be applied to the modern day Church.

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As Israel stated in this article, “Christianity is a way of shared life.” And it is through our shared life—our biblical fellowship that we can influence our daily circles for Christ. Want more on your role as an everyday Christian leader in our 21st Century culture? Here are a few resources you might be interested in:

Israel Steinmetz
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Israel Steinmetz is dean of Academic Affairs for Artios Christian College and pastors New Hope United Church in San Antonio, TX, where he lives with his wife Anna and their eight children. In addition to teaching, Israel is a prolific writer, having co-authored four books and contributed over fifty feature articles to the Bible Advocate. Committed to lifelong learning, Israel holds a Bachelors in Pastoral Ministry, a Master of Divinity, Master of Arts in Theological Studies and is pursuing the Doctor of Ministry from Fuller Theological Seminary.